Mapping Confinement

The Eloy Detention Center is a private prison located in EloyPinal County, Arizona, owned and operated by CoreCivic, formerly the Corrections Corporation of America, under contract with the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).The facility opened in 1994 and approximately 1,550 male and female individuals being held for immigration violations at a mix of minimum and medium security levels.

The facility had 15 detainee deaths between 2003 and late 2016, including five suicides. Since 2003, Eloy alone represented 9% of the total inmate deaths in all 250 detention facilities in the United States. As a result passing all inspections despite the facility's high suicide rate, the National Immigrant Justice Center found ICE and the Obama Administration of being complicit in hiding maltreatment at the center in a 2015 report. Also in 2015, U.S. Representative Raúl Grijalva toured the facility, calling it "the deadliest immigration detention center in the U.S." In late July 2015 he called for an independent investigation into the most recent suicide.

Florence Correctional Center (FCC) is a medium-security prison for men in Florence, Arizona, owned by CoreCivic (formally, Corrections Corporation of America). The current contracts that the company holds at this location are U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), United States Marshal Service (USMS), and City of Mesa. Opened in 1999, the current capacity of the facility is 1824. Roughly 550 beds are for ICE detainees.

CoreCivic, formerly the Corrections Corporation of America (CCA), is a company that owns and manages private prisons and detention centers and operates others on a concession basis. Co-founded in 1983 in Nashville, Tennessee by Thomas W. Beasley, Robert Crants, and T. Don Hutto, it received investments from the Tennessee Valley Authority, Vanderbilt University, and Jack C. Massey, the founder of Hospital Corporation of America.[2]

As of 2016, the company is the second largest private corrections company in the United States.[3] CoreCivic manages more than 65 state and federal correctional and detention facilities with a capacity of more than 90,000 beds in 19 states and the District of Columbia.[4]

The company's revenue in 2012 exceeded $1.7 billion.[5] By 2015, its contracts with federal correctional and detention authorities generated up to 51% of its revenues. It operated 22 federal facilities with the capacity for 25,851 prisoners.[6] By 2016, Corrections Corporation of America (CCA) along with GEO Group were running "more than 170 prisons and detention centres". CCA's revenues in 2015 were $1.79bn.[7]

CCA has been the subject of much controversy over the years, mostly related to apparent attempts to save money, such as hiring inadequate staff, extensive lobbying, and lack of proper cooperation with legal entities to avoid repercussions.[8] CCA rebranded itself as CoreCivic amid the ongoing scrutiny of the private prison industry.

Mapping Confinement